Презентация, доклад на тему Vitamins. The Compound and complex sentences – Дәрумендер. Салалас құрмалас және сабақтас құрмалас сөйлем

Презентация на тему Vitamins. The Compound and complex sentences – Дәрумендер. Салалас құрмалас және сабақтас құрмалас сөйлем, предмет презентации: Английский язык. Этот материал в формате pptx (PowerPoint) содержит 39 слайдов, для просмотра воспользуйтесь проигрывателем. Презентацию на заданную тему можно скачать внизу страницы, поделившись ссылкой в социальных сетях! Презентации взяты из открытого доступа или загружены их авторами, администрация сайта не отвечает за достоверность информации в них, все права принадлежат авторам презентаций и могут быть удалены по их требованию.

Слайды и текст этой презентации

Слайд 1
VITAMINS.  THE COMPOUND AND COMPLEX SENTENCES – ДӘРУМЕНДЕР.  САЛАЛАС ҚҰРМАЛАС ЖӘНЕ САБАҚТАС ҚҰРМАЛАС СӨЙЛЕМ
Текст слайда:

VITAMINS. THE COMPOUND AND COMPLEX SENTENCES – ДӘРУМЕНДЕР. САЛАЛАС ҚҰРМАЛАС ЖӘНЕ САБАҚТАС ҚҰРМАЛАС СӨЙЛЕМ


Слайд 2
THE RULESA simple sentence consists of one independent clause. An independent clause contains a subject and a
Текст слайда:

THE RULES

A simple sentence consists of one independent clause. An independent clause contains a subject and a predicate and expresses a complete thought.
During the game, Jasmine scored 23 points, had 6 assists, 8 rebounds, and 2 blocked shots.
Tim is a really good pitcher and hitter.


Слайд 3
COMPOUND SENTENCESThey have two complete sentences that can stand on their own as two independent clausesThe key
Текст слайда:

COMPOUND SENTENCES

They have two complete sentences that can stand on their own as two independent clauses
The key is to find one of the FANBOYS with a comma before it and a complete sentence on both sides of the FANBOYS.
It may also be identified by having a semi-colon without FANBOYS joining the two sentences.


Слайд 4
THE RULESA complex sentence consists of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. Using a
Текст слайда:

THE RULES

A complex sentence consists of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. Using a subordinating conjunction (because, although, if, etc.) creates a dependent clause. Using a relative pronoun (who, whom, that, or which) creates a dependent clause.
I would really love my English class if we didn’t have to do so much writing.


Слайд 5
Simple Sentences Here are some examplesMy dog is small.I hate sprouts. I am 10 years old. I
Текст слайда:


Simple Sentences

Here are some examples

My dog is small.

I hate sprouts.


I am 10 years old.

I live in Stonham Aspal.

Simple sentences have 1 clause. Most simple sentences have a subject and a predicate.

E.g. My dog is small.

Subject = dog
Predicate = It is small.


Слайд 6
Compound Sentences A compound sentence is usually made from 2 or more simple sentences (or clauses) that
Текст слайда:

Compound Sentences


A compound sentence is usually made from 2 or more simple sentences (or clauses) that are joined with a connective.

My dog is not popular with the neighbours.

It scares the postman away.

Becomes

My dog is not popular with the neighbours it scares the postman away.

because


Слайд 7
There are many connectives that can be used in compound sentences BecauseButWhen Therefore And AlthoughAfter WhileSinceUntilWhere
Текст слайда:

There are many connectives that can be used in compound sentences

Because

But

When

Therefore

And

Although

After

While

Since

Until

Where


Слайд 8
But Be CAREFUL!!!             use the
Текст слайда:

But Be CAREFUL!!!

use the same connective

DO NOT

over and over again

It’s better to mix and match


Слайд 9
Complex Sentences A complex sentence is similar to a compound sentence, however when you take away the
Текст слайда:


Complex Sentences


A complex sentence is similar to a compound sentence, however when you take away the connective one of the clauses does not make sense.

E.g. The dinner was burned because she had forgotten it.

Clause 1

Connective

Clause 2

Clause 2 does not make sense on its own, without clause 1 = complex sentence.


Слайд 10
Exercise 2. Determine Simple, Compound or Complex Sentences1. Their practice field is a stretch of asphalt, and
Текст слайда:


Exercise 2. Determine Simple, Compound or Complex Sentences



1. Their practice field is a stretch of asphalt, and their heroes make a living driving cars.
2. The training rooms of these college athletes smell of grease and gasoline.
3. Their tools are screwdrivers and spanners rather than basketballs and footballs.
4. This new brand of college athlete is involved in the sport of auto racing.
5. Although the sport is new, it has already attracted six collegiate teams in the Southeast.
6. The students work on special cars designed for their sport.


Слайд 11
Exercise 3. Combine the following simple sentences to create a compound sentence.1.It rained for three days. The
Текст слайда:

Exercise 3. Combine the following simple sentences to create a compound sentence.

1.It rained for three days. The streets in my neighborhood flooded.
It rained for three days, so the streets in my neighborhood flooded.
2.I got to ball practice late. I forgot to set my alarm.
3.Kyle completed his homework. He put it in his binder.
4.Luke mowed the lawn. He earned ten dollars.
5.I stayed up late last night. I am tired today.
6.Neil doesn't like seafood. He doesn't like cabbage.
7.My pencil was broken. I borrowed one from Jake.
8.I like apples. I like pears more.


Слайд 12
Exercise 1. Translate the sentences and determine whether they are compound or complex. 1. Jason decided to
Текст слайда:

Exercise 1. Translate the sentences and determine whether they are compound or complex.
1. Jason decided to stay up late because he had a lot of homework to do.
2.If you hurry, we might get to school on time.
3.Although Monica had a cold, she went to school because she had a test.
4.While washing the car, Todd slipped on the soap and he fell.
5.Dad takes the train to work even though he has a car.
6.Molly baked brownies since she had nothing else to do.
7. Frank had a good sense of humor, so he laughed a lot.


Слайд 13
CHARACTERISTICS OF VITAMINS Vitamins are micronutrientsVery small amounts are needed by the body (>1 gm)Very small
Текст слайда:

CHARACTERISTICS OF VITAMINS

Vitamins are micronutrients
Very small amounts are needed by the body (>1 gm)
Very small amounts are contained in foods.
Vitamins are essential.
The roles they play in the body are very important.
Most vitamins are obtained from the foods we eat.
Some are made by bacteria in the intestine
There is no perfect food that contains all the vitamins in the right amount.
Vitamins are non-energy producing
They do not contain kcalories.
Vitamins are classified according to how soluble they are in fat or water.



Слайд 14
FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS VS.  WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS
Текст слайда:

FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS VS. WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS


Слайд 15
FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINSA, D, E, K
Текст слайда:

FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS

A, D, E, K


Слайд 16
FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINSfound in fats and oilsrequire bile for absorptionenter the lymph, then the bloodheld and stored in
Текст слайда:

FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS

found in fats and oils
require bile for absorption
enter the lymph, then the blood
held and stored in fatty tissues
Needed in small amounts
may reach toxic levels
not readily excreted


Слайд 17
VITAMIN A3 forms in the bodyretinolretinalretinoic acidcollectively known as retinoidsRetinol, the alcohol formRetinal, the aldehyde formRetinoic acid,
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN A

3 forms in the body
retinol
retinal
retinoic acid
collectively known as retinoids

Retinol, the alcohol form

Retinal, the aldehyde form

Retinoic acid, the acid form

Beta-carotene, a precursor

Cleavage at this point can
yield two molecules of vitamin A*


Слайд 18
VITAMIN Aprecursor: beta-carotenederived from plant foodscan split and form retinol in intestine and liver
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN A

precursor: beta-carotene
derived from plant foods
can split and form retinol in intestine and liver


Слайд 19
VITAMIN A FUNCTION visionmaintain epithelial tissue and skinsupport reproduction and growthImmune systemBone development
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN A FUNCTION

vision
maintain epithelial tissue and skin
support reproduction and growth
Immune system
Bone development





Слайд 20
VITAMIN Adeficiencyinfectious diseasepneumonia, measles, diarrheakeratinizationdry, rough, scaly skinnight blindness
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN A

deficiency
infectious disease
pneumonia, measles, diarrhea
keratinization
dry, rough, scaly skin
night blindness


Слайд 21
Vitamin A SourcesBeta-caroteneDark leafy green vegetables, spinach, broccoliDeep orange veggiesCarrots, pumpkin, squash, sweet potatoDeep orange fruitsApricots, cantaloupe
Текст слайда:

Vitamin A Sources

Beta-carotene
Dark leafy green vegetables, spinach, broccoli
Deep orange veggies
Carrots, pumpkin, squash, sweet potato
Deep orange fruits
Apricots, cantaloupe


Слайд 22
RetinolFortified milk, butter cheese, creamFortified margarineEggsLiver
Текст слайда:

Retinol
Fortified milk, butter cheese, cream
Fortified margarine
Eggs
Liver


Слайд 23
VITAMIN Dbody can makefrom sunlightprecursor made from cholesterolproduction occurs in liver and kidneydiseases can affect activation
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN D

body can make
from sunlight
precursor made from
cholesterol

production occurs in liver and kidney
diseases can affect activation


Слайд 24
FUNCTION  VITAMIN Dpart of the bone-making/maintenance teammaintains blood concentrations of Ca & PMineralization of bonesraises
Текст слайда:

FUNCTION VITAMIN D


part of the bone-making/maintenance team
maintains blood concentrations of Ca & P
Mineralization of bones
raises blood calcium and phosphorus by increasing absorption from digestive tract
withdrawing calcium from bones
stimulating retention by kidneys

deficiencies
ultimately creates a calcium deficiency
rickets, osteomalacia


Слайд 25
VITAMIN D    sourcesfortified food: milk, margarine, cereals, beef, eggssunstorage from the summer does not
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN D


sources
fortified food: milk, margarine, cereals, beef, eggs
sun
storage from the summer does not last the winter


Слайд 26
VITAMIN Eantioxidantdefender against free radicalspolyunsaturated fatty acidsmay reduce the risk of heart diseasedeficienciesrareerythrocyte hemolysis
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN E

antioxidant
defender against free radicals
polyunsaturated fatty acids
may reduce the risk of heart disease
deficiencies
rare
erythrocyte hemolysis






Слайд 27
VITAMIN Ewidespread in foodeasily destroyed by heat processing
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN E

widespread in food
easily destroyed by heat processing


Слайд 28
VITAMIN Kaids in blood clotting andbone mineralizationdeficiency causes hemorrhagic diseasesourcesmade by bacteria in GI tractabsorbed and stored
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN K

aids in blood clotting and
bone mineralization
deficiency causes hemorrhagic disease
sources
made by bacteria in GI tract
absorbed and stored in liver


Слайд 29
liver is also high in vitamin K
Текст слайда:

liver is also high in vitamin K


Слайд 30
WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINSB complex , c
Текст слайда:

WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS

B complex , c


Слайд 31
WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINSThe B-complex vitamins are often associated with giving a person more energy. This is due
Текст слайда:

WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS

The B-complex vitamins are often associated with giving a person more energy. This is due to the fact that these vitamins each play different roles with energy metabolism in the body. When they are present in the body, they allow energy to be used more readily by the body.

Since these vitamins are water soluble, they are not stored in the body like fat soluble vitamins. They dissolve in water and are excreted from the body in urine. Therefore, it is important to consume foods rich in these vitamins each day in order to fulfill the body’s need.


Слайд 32
B COMPLEX VITAMINSCo-enzymes (activate enzymes)Found in the same foodsSingle deficiency rareAct together in metabolismMetabolic pathways used by
Текст слайда:

B COMPLEX VITAMINS

Co-enzymes (activate enzymes)
Found in the same foods
Single deficiency rare
Act together in metabolism
Metabolic pathways used by protein, carbohydrate, and fat


Слайд 33
Thiamin (B1)Riboflavin (B2)Niacin (B3)Pantothenic AcidBiotinPyridoxine (B6)FolateVitamin B-12B COMPLEX VITAMINS
Текст слайда:

Thiamin (B1)
Riboflavin (B2)
Niacin (B3)
Pantothenic Acid
Biotin
Pyridoxine (B6)
Folate
Vitamin B-12

B COMPLEX VITAMINS


Слайд 34
B COMPLEX PRIMARY FUNCTIONSEnergy metabolismThiamin (B-1), Riboflavin (B-2), Niacin (B-3), Pyridoxine (B-6), Biotin, Pantothenic AcidRed blood cell
Текст слайда:

B COMPLEX PRIMARY FUNCTIONS

Energy metabolism
Thiamin (B-1), Riboflavin (B-2), Niacin (B-3), Pyridoxine (B-6), Biotin, Pantothenic Acid
Red blood cell synthesis
Folate, B12
Homocysteine metabolism
Folate, B12, B6


Слайд 35
VITAMIN CSynthesized by most animals (not by humans)Decrease absorption with high intakesExcess excreted
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN C

Synthesized by most animals (not by humans)
Decrease absorption with high intakes
Excess excreted


Слайд 36
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN CReducing agent (antioxidant)Iron absorption (enhances)Synthesis of collagenImmune functionsDoes not prevent colds, but may reduce
Текст слайда:

FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN C

Reducing agent (antioxidant)
Iron absorption (enhances)
Synthesis of collagen
Immune functions
Does not prevent colds, but may reduce duration of symptoms by a day
Wound healing


Слайд 37
VITAMIN C DEFICIENCY: HISTORY OF SCURVYVitamin C (ascorbic acid) deficiency leads to scurvy, a disease characterized by
Текст слайда:

VITAMIN C DEFICIENCY: HISTORY OF SCURVY

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) deficiency leads to scurvy, a disease characterized by weakness, small hemorrhages throughout the body that cause gums and skin to bleed, and loosening of the teeth. Sailors that were out at sea for months on end would often develop scurvy unless the captain had the foresight to pack limes and other citrus fruits.


Слайд 38
DEFICIENCY OF VITAMIN CScurvyDeficient diet for 20-40 days Fatigue, pinpoint hemorrhagesBleeding gums and joints. HemorrhagesAssociated with poverty;
Текст слайда:

DEFICIENCY OF VITAMIN C

Scurvy
Deficient diet for 20-40 days
Fatigue, pinpoint hemorrhages
Bleeding gums and joints. Hemorrhages
Associated with poverty; macrobiotic diet


Слайд 39
FOOD SOURCES OF VITAMIN CCitrus fruitPotatoGreen pepperCauliflowerBroccoliStrawberryRomaine lettuceSpinachEasily lost through cookingSensitive to heatSensitive to iron, copper, oxygen
Текст слайда:

FOOD SOURCES OF VITAMIN C

Citrus fruit
Potato
Green pepper
Cauliflower
Broccoli
Strawberry
Romaine lettuce
Spinach

Easily lost through cooking
Sensitive to heat
Sensitive to iron, copper, oxygen


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