those that can be
analysed into smaller
those that cannot
time, face, feel
They offer clues
to the meaning of the words.
is the part of a word
that carries the basic meaning.
is one or more syllables
placed in front
of the root to modify the meaning of the root
or to form a new word.
The main function of prefixes
is to change
the lexical meaning of the same part of speech.
There are 51 prefixes in the system of Modern English word formation.
careless - care; suitable - suit, etc.
-s, -ed, -ing
Classification of suffixes
noun-stem + noun-stem:
noun-stem + noun- stem
apple-tree, snowball, newspaper
of the type
price rise, wage freeze, steel helmet
, sand castle.
Grammarians can't come to the
conclusion whether adjectives can be
means of conversion from nouns.
The causes of shortening can be
linguistic and extra-linguistic.
Abbreviation doesn't change
the part-of-speech meaning.
to rev = to revolve,comfy = comfortable.
Blends are words formed from a word-group or two synonyms.
In blends two ways of word-building are combined: abbreviation
and composition. To form a blend we clip the end of the first
component and the beginning of the second component. As a
result we have a compound –shortened word. One of the first
blends in English was the word “smog” from two synonyms:
smoke and fog. Mostly blend are formed from a word-group: