Madagascar is an island located off the eastern coast of southern Africa in the Indian Ocean. Madagascar was not settled by humans until around 2.000 years ago. Madagascar is the world's fourth largest island after Greenland, New Guinea, and Borneo.
Madagascar's climate is highly variable. Generally, Madagascar has two seasons: a hot, rainy season from November to April and a cooler, dry season from May to October.
Madagascar has some of the highest biodiversity on the planet. Unique to the island are more than 50 types of lemurs
Indri lemur Lepilemur
Aye - aye
The aye-aye is one of the strangest creatures in the world. The aye-aye resembles a large house cat but with the face of a ferret, bat-like ears, teeth that grow constantly like those of a rodent, green eyes, and black hands
Madagascar is home to 258 bird species of which 115 are found nowhere else in the world.
Madagascar is thought to have more than 300 species of frogs, 99% of which are endemic
Deforestation and habitat destruction
Erosion and soil degradation
Overexploitation of living resources including hunting and over-collection of some species of wild unusual animals and plants