Слайд 1Economy of the USA
The student of group 3Л-17 has executed
Слайд 2The economy of this country keeps on in the lead positions
all over the world not less than 100 years. However, and such magnates have disorders. So, 2000 became the beginning of decrease in influence of the USA on economic. However, not much more, but the difference is all the same notable. Crisis and the increased quantity of the developed countries was a push.
But, nevertheless the USA has not lost the status of the leader of economic. This country for today is included into number of the largest countries of the world both on the territory area, and by quantity of the population, and judging by some sources, even is in the lead in this list.
Слайд 3At history sources
The American economy started up roots in days of
a life of the American population, and it, as is known since XVI century on XVIІ a century. It is literally for three centuries, so-called New light has presented itself to the world as an independent farm. Though earlier it was not absolutely successful colonial economy. And absolutely has shortly presented very difficult industrial economy.
Each family had a farm of the small sizes, people were independent of economy. Colonies grew, and contain with them, different subsidiary manufactures grew also.
The economy grew extreme rates. New industries were created. Absolutely new markets opened. There was a steamship, railways have been constructed - all it has helped to open for advancement in development new earlier not accessible territories.
Слайд 4The model of the American economy is based on such basic
directions, as revolution in information sphere and business globalisation.
Presently the big percent of the American corporations create the capital in other countries. Investments into foreign objects and the process directed on a raising of level of foreign trade here have entered.
America dictates the model of development as while any developed country cannot offer more successful scheme.
At this time information revolution became the most powerful helper in an economy raising. By means of information boom the new companies and the whole branches have started to be formed immediately. For example, in the State of California almost every week appeared more than ten new companies. Such boom has made revolution in the American economy. On change to eternally going in advance motor industry and building of residential buildings information technologies have come. The USA wins first place on a glory pedestal on information technologies. The computer science sphere is so developed what to come nearer to level of America anybody cannot yet.
Слайд 5Agricultural products
Economy of the USA show the most effective methods on
achievement of definite purposes, but also, naturally, achieve the highest results. The economic processes occurring in this huge country, considerably influence economy of smaller countries of the world. To prosperity promote not only skilled experts, but also an arrangement of the USA. The earths were stretched, having hooked on all climatic belts. This fact favorably influences on such sphere, as agriculture. The world market receives various agricultural production from America:
Corn - 50 %;
Beef, pork, mutton - 20 %;
Wheat - 30 %.
Thanks to the possibilities the United States not only the large seller, but also not the smaller buyer on size. The statistics shows, that America buys up 13 % from all world goods while sells 18 %.
In America the basic blow becomes on agriculture development. In it the science, agriculture, transport and branches which are created for raw materials processing have perfectly united.
Here everywhere grow up such cultures, as wheat and corn, various vegetables and fruit, a clap and many other not less useful kinds of flora. America - the largest manufacturer of grain in the world market.
On a good level of development there are animal industries, but in the big priority nevertheless there is a poultry farming.
Слайд 6The industry
On the first place in America there are technologies which
allow to create production by means of the advanced methods. The USA do not regret means for investments into manufacture sphere. Thanks to such approach the economy of this country has reached such level. It is more than half of invested means it is spent for purchase of computer technics and various means of computer science. Every year everywhere on the American manufactures high technologies take root. It allows to increase growth of productivity of human work.
The USA can please with the variety in industrial branches:
Manufacture of new
materials and many other things.
Thanks to such suitable co-ordinates in all territory of the USA
are more than hundred kinds of minerals. The main thing of kinds of natural resources is production connected with power resources: coal, oil, uranium, natural gas. The most part of metals which are extracted from earth bowels, consists of copper and iron ore. In the USA there are no stocks of chrome, manganese, cobalt and tungsten, but the country fills the requirements for such strategic metals at the expense of import. Proceeding from many data, the USA are extracted by such quantity of copper, oil and coal, that it makes the fifth part in world production. And it thus that there lives here quantity of people which is equaled only 5 % of a world's population.
Слайд 8The enterprises
If it is good to understand, in America practically there
are no enterprises which we have got used to name state. Such the post service and the commission which is engaged in nuclear researches are called only. All other establishments are privatised for a long time. All that does the state government so it purposefully develops the legislation. It also watches, that all these legislations were observed in a certain order. The given system prevents arrangements between the large companies and allows to establish monopoly prices of the let out goods or rendered services.
Слайд 9Social classes
Together with new economy in a society there was a
social inequality. And the distance between rich and poor became much more. Rich continued to grow rich in fantastic rates, and poor searched for means for a survival. Their life became much more difficult. As has shown time, all reforms have been directed on improvement of a life of middle class of inhabitants of the USA and if to be more exact, its top layers.
The population which have carried to rich men, has made 1 % from a lump of people. In the power of such small percent there was almost half of finance of the country.
Слайд 102007 became year of delay of growth of economy of the
USA. According to the American analysts it has made almost 2,7 %. The prices for oil were reduced essentially.
Gross national product growth became completely dependent on the habitation market. The number of people which remained without work - about 5 % has increased.
The last 2006 also not strongly pleased with indicators: gross national product - 3,4 %, inflation - 3,2 %, unemployment - 4,6 %.
But it in any way does not upset the government of the USA. They with optimism in eyes confidently move ahead to an object in view. The authorities are assured, that as soon as the habitation market will see improvements, economy growth at once will start to be accelerated.
America is ready on any actions for the sake of growth of economic system.
Слайд 11New century
When knowing people say, that there has come the American
century, they have the good bases for these statements. The USA has entered a new century as the state with powerful economy and optimistic spirits. Having gone through wars, States have learnt to be leaders in military science. After the huge USSR has broken up, America became unique powerful power.
This country became the leader in the world economy. Other countries only dream to achieve the same results in respect of economic growth. All economic processes in the USA have influence on economic as a whole.
On the main positions of the USA to keep basically at the expense of prevalence over the others at a rate of territories and to a good choice in the market, and also they have an excellent scientific and technical potential and strong system of economic communications of world level, with the help by which the banking capital is increased, the quantity of commercial transactions and investments increases.